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Claypole: Destination Cottingham Part 1: The journey

by Alan D Craxford, Janice Binley, Gordon Claypole, Robin Monico and Judi Wood


Other articles within the website which relate to particular aspects of this story are noted within square brackets in the text. Links to these articles can be found in the table towards the bottom of column 2

This article follows two strands of the Claypole family from their origins in the rural villages along the border between Leicestershire and Rutland to their ultimate settlement in the conjoined villages of Cottingham and Middleton in the Welland Valley in Northamptonshire. It is readily apparent from village records that these two branches are quite closely related but it requires stepping back into the middle half of the eighteenth century to uncover the common ancestry. Once established in Northamptonshire there is frequent evidence of liaisons with other local families through marriage and otherwise.

In his introduction to the book, "The Mountain of Names" [Further Reading 1.], by author Alex Shoumatoff, English anthropologist, Robin Fox reports: "In a population of between three and five hundred people, after six generations or so there are only third cousins or closer to marry. During most of human history, people have lived in small, isolated communities of about that size, and have in fact probably been closer to the genetic equivalent of first cousins, because of their multiple consanguinity. In nineteenth-century rural England, for instance, the radius of the average isolate, or pool of potential spouses, was about five miles, which was the distance a man could comfortably walk twice on his day off, when he went courting- his roaming area by daylight. The bicycle extended the radius to twenty five miles. " This is borne out by our own research. To date we have documented nearly 100 consanguineous marriages of which over one third are between first cousins or first cousins once removed. Also notable is that nine of these unions occur in the descendant generations of the first couple in this article: John Claypole and Mary Carr (1)

The surname Claypole and its spelling variants is quite common in the East Midlands. Some of these families claim descendancy from the union of Sir John Claypole and Elizabeth Cromwell (daughter of Oliver Cromwell) or from one of Sir John's brothers in 1646. Sir John was born in the village of Northborough in Cambridgeshire in 1625. The lineage of the Claypole family under investigation here has been tentatively traced back to the early years of the seventeenth century when a John Claypole (entered in the records as Clepole) was born in Wing in Rutland and married Dorothea Blunkett in Glaston in the same county in 1629. There is no evidence that this John and Sir John shared any common ancestors.

The Leicestershire branch of the Claypole family becomes firmly established and identifiable in the records with Robert, who was probably the son of John born in Wing and baptised there on September 1st 1639. By 1665 he was living in Medbourne in Leicestershire, married to Elizabeth and over a period of eighteen years had ten children: four sons and six daughters. Little is known of what became of any of them except for second son John (born 1670) who married Hannah Newton on November 26th 1698, still in Medbourne. Of their two known offspring, it is their son John and his descendants who will occupy the rest of this article.

The family of John Claypole and Mary Carr

St Giles

St Giles Church, Medbourne (2)

John Claypole was born in Medbourne and was baptised at St Giles Church on Christmas Eve 1699. Medbourne is a small village on the border of South East Leicestershire with Northamptonshire some seven miles north east of Market Harborough. Its church is one of six which belong to the Six Saints circa Holt parish located in the Welland Valley and which also includes Great Easton, Bringhurst and Blaston. He subsequently married Mary Carr, the daughter of Robert Carr from Foxton and Elizabeth Clifton, on April 20th 1724. Mary was about four years younger than John. Baptismal records show that between 1725 and 1750, Mary was to bear twelve children. One, Hannah, was to die in infancy in 1727. Another five: Robert (born 1729), Mary (1732), Hannah (1733), Ann (1735) and John (1749) have not been traced. First born son John (1725) is known to have married Mary Sikes at Tilton on the Hill, a village ten miles to the north, on January 30th 1748. Second born daughter Elizabeth (1730) married Francis Ward from Heather near Ashby de la Zouch on February 28th 1754. They settled in Medbourne and had five children before Francis died in April 1875. Henry (1745 - 1822) married Elizabeth Green (about 1750 - 1820) in the village on November 6th 1787. They had two daughters, Mary (1789) and Ann (1799) who married two Gutteridge brothers: Francis on August 20th 1822 and Robert on July 1st 1824.

Consecutive sons, their eighth, ninth and tenth, William, Richard and Thomas, will be described in the next three sections. John died in Medbourne in February 1768 and was buried on the 14th of that month. Mary survived him by eighteen months and was buried alongside him on November 5th 1769.

William (1737 - 1824)

Third son and eighth child William was born in Medbourne in 1738 but his baptism was registered in Great Easton on January 18th 1738. He married Mary Sharpe in Great Easton on December 3rd 1770 and produced two daughters, Elizabeth (1771) and Ann (1776). It was his son John, born in 1773 who married Sarah Ashby who will become the subject of a later section of this article. Mary was buried in Great Easton on August 22nd 1817. William followed her on October 22nd 1824.

Richard (1739 - 1816) Thomas (1742 - 1826)

Next son Richard was baptised in Medbourne on April 27th 1739. He married Elizabeth Hackney, a girl from Weston by Welland, on March 30th 1766. He was one of the first Claypoles to move over the border to the Northamptonshire village of Cottingham.

The last of the three sons of note here, Thomas, was baptised in Medbourne on April 25th 1742. He met Great Easton born Jane Ward and married her there on July 10th 1770. They made their home in Great Easton where Jane presented him with four babies: Daughters Elizabeth (1771) and Mary (1778) and sons John (1772) and Henry born in 1775 but died the following year. Jane was in her middle thirties when she died and was buried on September 12th 1783. Thomas lived on into the next century and was buried on October 4th 1826. Their son John journeyed to Middleton. Richard and John and will be followed up in Part 2 of the story.

The family of John Claypole and Mary Almond


East Carlton Hall (3)

John was born in Great Easton and was baptised on May 4th 1817 at at St Andrews Church. His future bride Mary was born about a year after him and baptised on June 8th 1818. She was the older of the two daughters of John and Elizabeth Almond. The younger daughter, also named Elizabeth, married James Minns who was born in Wymondham in Norfolk, in Bringhurst in 1844. They settled in Rockingham where their nine children were born. Of note, James' brother, John Minns, married Rachel, the daughter of Edward Panter and Elizabeth Tansley, in Cottingham on November 7th 1841. Another curiosity of the Minns family is that their parents James Minns (1794 - 1869) and Elizabeth Howes also moved to Rockingham where James the elder became a stable keeper for Sir John Henry Palmer, Baronet, at Carlton Hall, East Carlton. William, the son of William Atkins and Sarah Beadsworth, held a similar position there in the 1850s [Article A.]. After James' wife Elizabeth died, he married again to Sarah Foster, a woman from Stoke Albany 25 years his junior. They had four known children. Agnes Rodgers, daughter of James and Sarah's daughter Charlotte, was to marry William Sydney Liquorish, a grandson of William Liquorish and Lucy Craxford, in 1921.

St Andrews

St Andrews Church, Great Easton (5)

John Claypole married Mary Almond in Great Easton on August 9th 1838. In their first ten years of married life Mary presented him with three sons (Joseph, 1841 - 1895; Samuel, 1845 and Charles, 1847) and a daughter, Mary. John spent his working life as an agricultural labourer. Samuel sadly died at the age of 4 years on September 12th 1848 from cholera, a disease which was endemic throughout most of the country in those days. By the time of the census of 1851, John, Mary and the three remaining children were living with his father, John, who was now declared to be a pauper. During the 1850s, two more daughters (Frances Jane, 1851) and Sarah Ann (1857) and a son (Samuel, 1854) arrived and Joseph left home to get married. His bride was Jane Bent, born in Great Easton in 1843. They were to have two sons and two daughters and moved away to the village of Hatton in Warwickshire. First born daughter Mary too had disappeared from the records by 1861. John's wife Mary died on January 9th 1886 and was buried at St Andrews Church six days later. After her death he moved in with his youngest son Samuel and his wife Ellen. He saw in the new century but died in the summer of 1901 aged 84 years.

Frances Jane

Frances was baptised in Great Easton on June 8th 1851. She married Exton Andrews, a shepherd born in 1848, in Bringhurst in 1872. Exton's father, who was also a shepherd, came from Skillington, Lincolnshire and had married Eliza Hales from Oadby in Leicestershire. They had five children, born variously in Tixover in Rutland and Seaton near Stamford in Lincolnshire. Exton's younger brother by two years married Emma Dexter in November 1876. Their son James Eyre Andrews married Alice Elizabeth Claypole (see below) in Great Easton in 1914. Frances and Exton settled in Bringhurst. In total they had ten children although their fourth child (first born daughter, Mary Elizabeth, died within weeks of birth in 1878). Exton died in the village in 1913. Frances Jane survived until the beginning of February 1932.

Charles (1847 - 1896)

Charles was baptised at Great Easton on September 5th 1847. By his thirteenth birthday he was earning pennies for the family budget as a farm boy. He married Hannah Lambert from Drayton, a hamlet about two miles to the south west of Great Easton on August 11th 1878. During the course of their marriage they had five sons and a daughter. Charles remained a farm worker throughout his life. By 1881 the family had moved to the village of Brooke which stood on the outskirts of Oakham. Sometime during the next decade another move took them over the border into Northamptonshire to Harringworth. Charles died there on June 29th 1896. Hannah lived on for another 45 years. At the outbreak of the second World War she was living with her now married granddaughter Mary Wright. She died in 1941.

John Thomas

St Mark's

St Mark's Church, Bilton (7)

St Peter's

St Peter's Church, Brooke (6)

Charles and Hannah's oldest son was baptised in the twelfth century parish church of St Peter in Brooke on September 12th 1880. He moved with his parents to Harringworth but by the turn of the century he had left Northamptonshire and settled in Rugby in Warwickshire where he started to work for the railways. He met Eleanor Elizabeth Vann who he married at St Mark's Church in the suburb of Bilton. They had two daughters, Margery Constance (1908) and Kathleen (1919). John progressed from railway fireman to engine driver during the course of his working life. In 1911 the family were resident in Oxford Street, Rugby but by the outbreak of the second World War had moved one street east to Cambridge Street. John died in Rugby on April 28th 1966. Eleanor survived him by 10 years, dying in 1976 at the age of 95.

George William, Mary Jane, Robert

George was born on October 26th 1882. By the time the family had moved to Harringworth he was working as a horseman on a farm but had become an ironstone labourer by 1911. He met and married Margaret Mary Hagues, the daughter of Thomas Hagues and Jane Roberts, in Harringworth in 1913. Margaret had been born in Spilsby, Lincolnshire on December 13th 1894 but by the turn of the century was lodging with the family of tram conductor Herbert Buxton in Cromford Street, Nottingham. George and Margaret had a son: George (1915) and two daughters: Florence (1916) and Kathleen (1918).

Mary was Charles and Hannah's fifth child and solo daughter born on August 14th 1892. By 1911 she had gone into domestic service in Bisbrooke, Rutland with the family of the Reverend Walter Fowke. She married George Hagues, the youngest of Thomas and Jane's three sons and Margaret's older brother by two years in Harringworth in 1920.. George Hagues was lodging with his sister in Cromford Street at the turn of the century but had moved to Mansfield by 1911. The couple had one son and seven daughters.

All Hallows

All Hallows Church, Seaton (8)

Robert, Charles and Hannah's youngest son, was born on June 18th 1895. He was to become a farm labourer. He married Ida Dams on September 6th 1919 at All Hallows Church, Seaton, Rutland. They had a daughter, Mary (1920) and a son, John (1924). Mary married Jack Wright in the early months of 1939 and by the time the Register of that year was in preparation her grandmother Hannah was in residence with them. Son John married Florence Hagues at the Register Office in Kettering on April 3rd 1954. Florence was the fifth daughter of George Hagues and John's aunt Mary Jane Claypole, born on May 4th 1930.

There was an indirect link through marriage between George Hagues' oldest brother Henry and the Rayner family who owned the travelling theatre to which Alfred and Emily Claypole played a part. (See "Claypole: Onward into Northampton and Derbyshire" [Article B.])

Samuel (1854 - 1900)

The fourth son of John Claypole and Mary Almond was baptised on August 13th 1854, named after his dead sibling and spent his whole life in Great Easton. As soon as he was able he started work in the fields. In the summer of 1883 Samuel married Ellen Johnson in Great Easton. Ellen was born in 1862 in Thornton le Fen, Lincolnshire, the middle daughter of three of William Johnson and Jane Pickwell. At the end of that decade the family had transplanted to Loddington in Northamptonshire and then by 1881 Ellen entered domestic service working a cook for the family of the Reverend John Stocks, vicar of Market Harborough, at the Vicarage in Great Bowden. The couple settled in Great Easton where, over the course of 16 years Ellen gave birth nine times: a son and eight daughters. Sadly first born Linda Maud died at the age of eight weeks of a severe chest infection within weeks on March 11th 1884. George died in the village in 1900 only a few months after their last daughter, Eliza Jane was born. Ellen and six of her chidren lodged for a while with John, her widowed father in law. They were both in receipt of parochial relief. In search of funds to support herself, Ellen went back into service as a servant and maternity nurse with waggoner George Inchley at Brandley Lodge in Medbourne. Within two years of his marriage to Lucy Adelaide Harris, they had two infants under the age of one year. Ellen lived on for another 35 years. At the start of the second World War she had moved back to Great Easton and was acting as housekeeper for her married son, William. She died on October 31st 1944.

Mabel Susannah

Mabel was born in Great Easton in 1886, the first of Samuel and Ellen's seven daughters to live to maturity. As a young adult she went to work in a corset factory. She married Frederick Alfred, the son of Edmund Stanger and Elizabeth Wade, in a ceremony in the village in 1913. Frederick, who was a bricklayer had been born in Great Easton on June 21st 1879. They were to have two sons: Kenneth (1914 - 1994) and Richard (1915 - 2006). Neither it seems married. In the late 1920s Frederick and Mabel were living in "Top of Village", a figurative description of the stretch between High Street and Cross Bank. Frederick's parents were their next door neighbours on one side; spinster Elsie Stanger their neighbour on the other side. Elsie was the illegitimate daughter of Frederick's aunt, Minnie Stanger. By the outbreak of the second World War, the couple with son Kenneth, had moved into one of the council houses that had been built on Broadgate. Frederick died and was buried in Great Easton on October 1st 1953. Mabel died on September 4th 1981 at the age of 95 years. She was buried four days later.


Left: Great Easton village (9); Right: Cross Bank (10)

Kenneth and Richard Stanger became very well known in Cottingham. Richard was a butcher. He had dark hair which he kept slicked back like the comedian Charlie Chester. He was a kind man and thought the world of his mother. Kenneth always appeared rather older than his brother because his hair had turned grey. He was an avid dancer (he and my mother was dance partners [- J.B.]) and apparently at the local dances which were held regularly in villages throughout the Welland Valley in the 1930s and 1940s everyone would stop to watch them dance the Square Tango. They would make it look very professional.

Alice Elizabeth

Next daughter Alice was born on November 10th the year after Mabel. As a teenager she was sent into domestic service working for retired publican 80 year old Mary Clark. After that, she too became a worker at the corset factory. She married James Eyre Andrews in Great Easton in 1914. James was born in the village on August 10th 1880, the son of Benjamin Andrews (the brother of Exton who had married Frances Jane Claypole - Alice's aunt) and Emma Dexter. They had three children: a son Thomas (1919 - 1999) and two daughters Nancy (1917) and June (1924). The outbreak of the second World War found the family resident in the High Street. James was driving a steam digger at an ironstone quarry. He died in the village in the winter of 1963. After her husband's death Alice moved away to join her married son, Thomas. She died in the summer of 1978.

Son Thomas, born on November 20th 1919, married Joan, the daughter and one of the eleven children of Edward Harrison and Lillian Emma Tansley, in Cottingham in 1950. They settled in that village where Thomas died in 1999 and Joan died in 2009. Older daughter Nancy Andrews was born on March 2nd 1917. She married Sydney George Stanger in Great Easton in 1940. Sydney was the son of George Stanger and Louisa Ethem Matthews and the second cousin of Frederick Alfred, Mabel Susannah's husband. Younger daughter June married Dennis Chambers in Great Easton in 1949. Their daughter Jane (born 1952) married John Jackson in Market Harborough in 1974. John was the son of Leslie and Maria Jackson and the grandson of Fred Jackson and Frances Annie Bamford.

William Kenneth


Royal Garrison Artillery Cap and Shoulder Badge

Samuel and Ellen's only son William was born on Boxing Day 1890. He too went to work as a labourer in an ironstone quarry. In 1915 he enlisted for the Army on October 15th 1915 as Private 64422 with the Royal Garrison Artillery (11). After an initial posting at "A" Depot, Catterick and then Dover he saw service in France in 1916. He married Dorothy Ellen Bayes in Kettering after his demobilisation in 1919. They set up home on Cross Bank, Great Easton. They had two daughters: Vera (born 1921) and Marie (1928). William returned to his work as a digger driver at the quarry. He died in Great Easton in 1969.

Daughter Vera married Harold Ernest Stanger (Sydney George's brother) in 1941. Their daughter Angela (born 1941) married David Jackson (a second cousin once removed from John Jackson who married Jane Chambers) in 1961.

Maud Mary

Samuel and Ellen's fourth daughter Maud was born on August 9th 1892. She married Frederick Harwood King on June 17th 1915 in Great Easton. Frederick was the son of George King and Emily Claypole - Maud Mary's fourth cousin. They had a son Geoffrey (1920) and a daughter Joan (1918). Frederick continued to work as a bottom man and digger driver at an ironstone quarry. By 1939 the family were living in Mould's Cottages off Deepdale in the south east edge of the village, close by Brook House. Frederick died in 1956; Maud outlived him by over 30 years, dying aged 97 in 1989.

Dorothy Ellen

Dorothy, born on May 14th 1894, married William Millward, an ironstone quarry driller, in Great Easton in 1916. They had three children: a son, Kenneth (1919) and two daughters, Stella (1916) and Dora (1922). The 1939 Register lists the family living in a council house on Broadgate, next door but one to Frederick and Mabel Stanger (Dorothy's sister).

Lois Vera

Next daughter Lois was born on March 5th 1897. In her early teens she was sent into domestic service with the family of farmer and grazier John Alfred Burditt in Bringhurst. She was to marry widower Charles Harris Bayes in Great Easton at the beginning of 1917. He was the father of Dorothy Ellen Bayes who was to marry Lois' brother William two years later. Charles' wife Annie Keech had died aged 37 years on October 4th 1912 from exhaustion after suffering for many months from pulmonary tuberculosis. Charles and Lois had a daughter, Florence, born in 1919. Charles subsequently died in 1927. Lois was to remarry on December 27th 1933 to widower Cyril Arthur Davison. They settled into a bungalow in Dunkirk Avenue, Desborough. Lois died in 1991.

Evelina May

Evalina was born on January 5th 1898. She was to marry John Alfred Burditt in Great Easton in 1923. John was the son of farmer John Alfred Burditt senior who was born in Middleton on September 28th 1830, one of the eleven children of Thomas and Mary Burditt. He had been married twice. His first wife was Alice Aldwinckle who he married in 1870. Alice's sister Ann Grey Aldwinckle had married John Alfred's brother Charles Burditt in 1862 in Cottingham. After Alice died in Bringhurst in the summer of 1886, John Alfred married again in 1887 this time to Sarah Gertrude Mitton, a woman nearly 35 years his junior. At the time of the census of 1891, the couple was in residence in Main Road, Bringhurst. Living with them was 24 year old domestic servant Eliza Liquorish from Cottingham who married Benjamin Burditt in Cottingham the following year. Benjamin and John Alfred were most probably cousins although to date a definite link has not been determined.

John Alfred junior was still at home on the farm in 1911 at the time that Evalina's sister Lois was working as a housemaid. Also in residence and working as a cook was 15 year old Phyllis Freestone. She was the niece of Adam Freestone who had married Ann Claypole in 1863. John Alfred continued farming. By 1939 he and Evalina were working Hillside Farm in Drayton a hamlet about a mile and a half west of Bringhurst. Evalina too lived to a ripe od age, dying in 1995 aged 97 years.

Eliza Jane

Ultimate daughter Eliza Jane was born on May 18th 1900 only a few months before her father Samuel died. She married Harry King in Cottingham in 1921. Harry was the illegitimate son of Mary Elizabeth who in turn was the oldest of the daughters of George King and Emily Claypole. The couple returned to Great Easton where they had two sons: Geoffrey (1921) and Donald (1932) and three daughters: Freda (1922), Marjorie (1924, who died the following year) and Ellen (1927). In 1939 the family were living in Barnsdale, Great Easton where Harry worked as an electrician and digger operator at the ironstone quarry. Harry died in 1962. Eliza live another 30 years, dying at the age of 93 years in 1993.

Son Donald married Pamela Jarman in Cottingham in 1958. Pamela was the daughter of Herbert Jarman and Florence Green and whose paternal grandparents were Charles Jarman and Clara Jarvis. The intertwined narrative of these two families is told in "A History of the Tilley family: Cottingham Part 2b" [Article C.]. Donald and Pamela's daughter Mandy married David Horsley whose maternal grandmother belonged to the Cottingham Tansleys.

Sarah Ann (1857 - After 1939)

The final daughter of John Claypole and Mary Almond was born on October 30th and baptised Sarah Ann on November 22nd 1857. By 1871 she had entered service as a nurse domestic in the employ of schoolmaster Silas Thomas Jenkyn Oke who was originally from Cornwall. She was living at the School House on The Hill, Middleton. During the next decade she returned to Great Easton and transfered to the corset factory as a stay maker. In the winter of 1887 she married Dixon Johnson in Bringhurst. Dixon was the younger brother by one year of Ellen who had married Sarah Ann's older brother Samuel in 1883. After the wedding Dixon and Sarah Ann moved to Linsdale a small village on the outskirts of Leighton Buzzard where their five children (daughters: Winifred Maud, 1888 and Linda May 1897 and sons: John William, 1891; George Frederick, 1894 and Arthur Stanley, 1897) were born. Dixon worked as a groom. By 1911 the family had moved back to the village of Teeton on the edge of Northampton where they spent the remainder of their lives. Dixon died there on June 26th 1957. Sarah Ann's date of death has not yet been determined.

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Added - May 31st 2021

Continued in column 2...

The family of John Claypole and Sarah Ashby

John, born in Great Easton, Leicestershire in 1773, was the oldest of the three children of William Claypole and Mary Sharpe. He was baptised in the village of April 25th 1773. He married Sarah, born in 1777 the daughter of William and Mary Ashby, in Great Easton on May 16th 1796. It is known that the couple had nine children during their first twenty years of married life although one, first born daughter Mary was born in March and died in July 1798. They spent their whole lifetime in the village where John traded as a cordwainer and shoemaker. Sarah predeceased her husband by three years. She was buried on May 6th 1855. John followed on August 8th 1858.

Henry (1797 - 1853)


Peacock Inn, St Mary's Lane (13)

First son Henry was probably born in the year his parents married. He married Hannah Redhead in Great Easton on June 21st 1821. Hannah was the daughter, born about 1800 in neighbouring Medbourne to Thomas Redhead and Sarah Burditt. Sarah's is another as yet unlinked family to the main Burditt tree. The couple had six sons and four daughters between 1821 and 1840. First daughter, Elizabeth, was born in 1821, possibly before her parents were married. By 1841 the whole family were living in Great Bowden a couple of miles north of Market Harborough with Henry working as a jobbing labourer. They were at home in a cottage next door to the Peacock Inn on St Mary's Lane. She appears in the census of 1841 working as a stay maker but then disappears from the records. At the end of the decade Henry and Hannah moved back to Great Easton with four of their younger children and a grandson. By the beginning of the 1850s Henry was registered as a pauper and in receipt of Parish Relief. He died in the village and was buried on November 22nd 1853. By 1861, Hannah had her sons Thomas and Job, daughter Ann and granddaughter Rose living with her, with her son Frederick and his family next door, son John and his family next door but one and daughter Hannah with her family next door but door two. However by 1871 she was living alone. At the end of the decade she had moved in with her son-in-law Adam Freestone. She died and was buried in Great Easton in June 1885.


Oldest son Thomas was baptised in Great Easton on May 22nd 1822. When the family were living in Great Bowden he spent his time as a brush maker. He married Frances Ward, a girl from Medbourne in January 1847 after the banns had been called on three consecutive Sundays in the parish church of St Giles. The couple returned to Great Easton where they had a daughter they baptised Rose Ann on April 22nd 1849. Thomas turned his hand to farm labouring. Frances died in Horninghold on August 8th 1853 with Thomas by her side. The cause was attributed to "low fever", a condition probably infective but where the cause is unknown. She was aged 33 years. After this Thomas moved in with his mother taking his daughter with him. For a time Thomas worked as a shepherd.

In the early 1870s Thomas and his daughter moved to Halifax where Rose Ann married cart driver Thomas King in 1873. Her father lived with them for several years until he died there in 1879. He was buried in Section F plot D 45 of Stoney Royd Cemetery in the town on December 15th 1879. Thomas and Rose Ann had nine children (5 sons and 4 daughters) in the first fifteen years of their marriage. Rose Ann died on November 1st 1896 at the age of 47 years. Thomas soon followed on April 14th 1897. He was 44 years old. They were both buried in the same plot as her father.


Second son Henry was baptised in Great Easton on August 3rd 1823. He started his early adult life as an agricultural labourer. He married Mary Craythorne on September 12th 1847 after banns had been read on three consecutive Sundays in the parish church in Bringhurst. Mary was the daughter, born in 1825, of John Craythorne and Anne Tirrell from Bringhurst. She had eight siblings. Her sister Elizabeth had an illegitimate son called Thomas William (born 1843) who subsequently married Mary Ann Ward (1841) from Drayton. Their son John Robert Craythorne (born 1875) married Sarah Ann Freestone (born 1873) whose uncle Adam Freestone was the husband of Ann Claypole. Mary's older sister Sarah married one of Henry's younger brothers.

Henry and Mary set up home in Great Easton. By 1871 he had left the fields and became a licensed street hawker. Sometime later he became a fishmonger. They had a son (Thomas, 1854) and four daughters (Emily, 1851; Julia Ann, 1855; Mary Hannah, 1858 and Jane Elizabeth, 1864). Mary died and was buried in the village on May 20th 1889. In 1891, Henry was living in Barnsdale, Great Easton with his now married daughter Jane Elizabeth, her husband William Henry Wright and their son Henry Luther Wright as well as one of his grandsons, Frederick Harwood King. Henry died in the opening months of 1900.

Eldest daughter Emily Claypole married George King from Harrold in Bedfordshire in 1872. They had four sons and three daughters. Notable amonst their offsprings' marriages was that of eldest son Walter Henry King who married Mary Elizabeth Burditt from Bringhurst in 1893. She was one of the children of Henry Burditt, who by 1881 was a railway signalman, and Anne Dawes. Mary Elizabeth's brother Benjamin had married Eliza Liquorish in Cottingham in 1892. George and Emily's eldest daughter, Mary Elizabeth (born 1876) had a son, Harry, in 1897 who married Eliza Jane Claypole in 1921 in Cottingham. She was the daughter of Samuel Claypole and Ellen Johnson and one of the graddaughters of John Claypole and Mary Almond. George and Emily's final son was the aforementioned Frederick Harwood. He was to marry Maud Mary, the sister of Eliza Jane Claypole in Great Easton on June 17th 1915.

St Paul

(Old) St Paul's, Kings Cross, Halifax (14)

Henry and Mary's son Thomas (known throughout his life as Tom), born about three years after Emily, went into service by 1871 with the family of farmer William Shelton, in Allexton, a village in Leicestershire four miles west of Uppingham. That palcement did not last long and within a year he had moved north to Halifax in Yorkshire, possibly following his older brother Thomas. He married Mary Smith from that town at St Paul's Church on November 16th 1873. She was about five years older than he was. Thomas became a gas maker and initially they made their home in Spring Edge. Four children followed: a son Ishmael (1878) and three daughters Lottie (1879); Mary Hannah (1881) and Julie Ann (1883).

Things did not go well for the family in the early 1890s and Tom left Halifax to find work in Lancashire in the cotton industry. However work opportunities dried up there too so he moved back to Yorkshire and found a job at a gas making plant in Dewsbury, 10 miles east of Halifax. In the meantime at the beginning of January 1893 he was apprehended by the Halifax Guardians and charged with neglecting his wife and family. There was an amount of 18/- (eighteen shillings) due which he was ordered to pay. This amount remained outstanding and in June that year he was taken before the Court in Halifax and sentenced to 14 days hard labour to be served at Wakefield Jail. He was taken back to Court again the following year on a further charge of desertion. Another order in the sum of 6/- a week was made. Tom and Mary were however together when the census of 1911 was taken. Mary died on February 17th 1929 in Halifax and was buried in Section E Row C plot 46 three days later. Tom lived on for more than a decade. He was admitted to Halifax General Hospital in the New Year 1940 where he died on January 26th. He was buried with his wife four days later. Mary and Tom's daughter Mary Hannah married Jesse Horne in 1919. Jesse died in September 1939, Mary Hannah in 1966. Both were interred with her parents.


Son John was baptised on February 6th 1825. He married local girl Jane Smith in 1848 and had one daughter Anne Eliza in 1849. John spent his working life as a farm labourer but by the turn of the century he was in receipt of parochial relief. Jane died in the winter of 1900; John in the spring of 1903.


Fourth son was baptised on December 3rd 1826. When the family were resident in Great Bowden at the beginning of the 1840s he was working as a carpet maker. He was in trouble with the law for stealing and selling on a ferret from a William Jacklin at the Great Easton feast on November 24th 1852. He was taken to the Market Harborough Petty Sessions where he was fined £2 9s 6d (two pounds nine shillings and sixpence) (16). There is evidence that he enlisted as Private 35 with the 90th Regiment of Light Infantry (also known as the Perthshire Volunteers) in 1855 although there is no record of whether or where he saw action. His service lasted until 1859 when he returned to Leicestershire. He never married. During the 1860s he moved to Halifax in West Yorkshire where he died and was buried in Stoney Royd Cemetery Sector C Plot D 74 on April 23rd 1869.


Frederick was born about six years after his brother Henry and was baptised on August 5th 1829. He followed his brother onto the land. On December 2nd 1850, he married Sarah Craythorne, the sister of Henry's wife Mary. In 1861, the couple's next door neighbours on one side were his brother John and his wife Jane and next door to them were his sister Hannah with husband John Craythorne. Next door to the Craythornes lived John and Rebecca Freestone: John being the uncle of Adam who was to marry Frederick's younger sister Ann. Next door on the other side of Frederick and Sarah lived his widowed mother with the remnants of her family.

Frederick and Sarah had two sons (Albert, 1851 and Edwin, 1857) and two daughters (Martha Ann, 1858 and Louisa Jane, 1864). However there is evidence that Sarah had had a baby boy in the summer of 1845 who appears in subsequent family census returns as John or Henry Claypole. He never married, working locally as a farm labourer and remained with his parents until the 1890s. Sarah died in the spring of 1895. At the turn of the century Frederick had been joined at home by his now widowed daughter Louisa and her three children. Louisa's husband, George Perkins, had died on September 25th 1897 in an accident at work. An inquest was held before J.S. Parker, the coroner for East Northamptonshire on September 27th 1897 which reported that George had been "accidentally killed by falling from and being run over by a wagon on highway in Parish of Harringworth". Frederick was still at work in the fields at the age of 71 years. Louisa was in receipt of parochial relief. Louisa, now working as a corset hand, and her two younger children were still with her in April 1911 when the next census was taken. Frederick died at home soon afterwards.

Son Albert was baptised in Great Easton on March 16th 1851. He married Lizzie, the illegitimate daughter of Sarah Hodges from Kelmarsh in Northamptonshire, in 1876. They had three sons and three daughters. Their oldest Frederick William (1881) married Maud Ellen Craythorne, his second cousin, in Great Easton in 1905. (Frederick William and Maud Ellen's daughter, Eva, married Frederick Wingell Binley in 1936 - a second cousin once removed [- J.B.]). Also Frederick and Sarah's younger daughter Louisa Jane (1864) married George WIlliam Perkins in 1888. Their daughter, Amelia also married her second cousin, Joseph William Craythorne, in 1916. These relationships come about because Joseph William was the son of William Craythorne and his first wife Martha Wignell and Maud Ellen was the daughter of Charles Craythorne and Alice Naylor. Charles and William were brothers, the sons of Joseph Craythorne and Mary Orme. Sarah, Frederick's wife, and Joseph Craythorne were brother and sister.


Henry and Hannah's second daughter was baptised on May 22nd 1831. She started earning for the family budget as a lace runner (typically a woman working from home, embroidering decorative threads onto an small item). She married agricultural labourer from the village Charles Clowe in 1851. The couple had one son and five daughters between 1852 and 1864. Charles died on December 11th 1863 from pulmonary tuberculosis. He was 31 years old. Sarah lived on into her 97th year, finally dying in the winter of 1927.


Third daughter Hannah was baptised on October 27th 1833. She married John Thomas Craythorne, the younger brother of Mary who had married Hannah's brother Henry. They had one daughter, Harriet Sophia, in 1854. John Thomas died in Great Easton in 1872; Hannah followed him in 1880.


A boy named Ebenezer appears in Henry and Hannah's household in the census of 1841 apparently born about 1839. Ebenezer is also present in the census of 1851 but this time named as Redhead and titled grandson. Perusal of the birth indexes fails to show an Ebenezer Claypole in the appropriate year but there is an Ebenezer Redhead registered in the first quarter of 1939 in the Market Harborough District with no mother's maiden name recorded. He was then the illegitimate son of Henry and Hannah's daughter Elizabeth.


Last born daughter Ann was baptised on February 24th 1845. She too entered the cottage industry as a lace runner. As noted above she married Adam Freestone on October 9th 1863. They were to have nine children, all daughters. They settled in Little Bowden on the outskirts of Market Harborough and by the turn of the century Adam was working as a roadman for the local council.

William (1802 - 1875)

Second son of John Claypole and Sarah Ashby was born on January 1st and baptised on Janury 13th 1802. He married Elizabeth Shaw at St Andrews Church in Great Easton on July 4th 1822. The story of their life together and their family is told in Claypole: From Great Easton to Kettering [Article D.].

Mary (1804 - 1875)

Baptised on March 13th 1804, she was to marry William Baker in Great Easton in the spring of 1843. William was born in Empingham in 1816, the third son of Edward Baker and Alice Ogden. After their marriage the couple moved to Lyddington in Rutland where William worked as an agricultural labourer. They had one son, John, in 1845 who married Caroline, the fourth daughter of John Mayes and Ann Claypole, Mary's sister. William died and was buried at the parish church of St Andrew on December 13th 1883. Mary followed her husband and was buried on June 3rd 1888.

Ann (1807 - 1865)

Parish Church of St Mary Magdalene

St Mary Magdalene Church, Cottingham

John and Sarah's next daughter was baptised Ann on February 16th 1807. She married John Mayes from Sudborough, Northamptonshire at All Saints Church there on June 13th 1830. Between 1831 and 1847 they had two sons (Samuel, 1840 and John Thomas, 1847) and four daughters (Sarah Ann (1831 - 1832); Elizabeth, 1832; Mary Henrietta, 1837 and Caroline, 1843). Mary Henrietta married Anthony Beadsworth in Cottingham on December 5th 1858 [Article E.]. Caroline married her first cousin John, the son of William Baker and Mary Claypole in Cottingham on August 9th 1869. John Thomas married Mary Ann Elizabeth Scott Beesworth, the daughter of Alice Beesworth before she married Thomas Jarvis [Article F.]. The family lived in Water Lane Cottingham which is where Ann died. She was buried on December 19th 1865. After his wife's death John was noted to be blind and registered as a pauper. He followed his wife and was buried in the village on September 17th 1876.

Sarah (1810 - 1892)

Fourth daughter Sarah was born on October 24th and baptised in Great Easton on December 10th 1810. She was to marry John, the oldest of the Baker brothers from Empingham on April 2nd 1839. For reference, second brother Thomas (born 1814) was married twice. His daughter Alice, born to his second wife Mary Hubbard married Thomas Bellamy Claypole in 1867 (recounted in Part 2 of this article). John, a sawyer by trade, and Sarah settled in Great Easton where they had two sons (John Edward, 1840 and William, 1848). John Edward married Caroline Freestone in Bringhurst in April 1863. Although they had no direct blood relationship, Caroline was first cousin to Adam Freestone who married Ann Claypole, John Edward's first cousin. John died in the spring of 1861; Sarah died in the summer of 1892.

Elizabeth (1814 - 1882)


The Union Workhouse (17)

Elizabeth was baptised in Great Easton on September 25th 1814. She earned her keep as a stay maker at the beginning of the 1840s. She married Samuel Mayes, the brother of John who had married her sister Ann, on April 27th 1843. Samuel was a tailor but trade by the family was on hard times around 1850 and spent some time in the Union Workhouse in Denford near Thrapston. They had three sons (Richard, 1844; John, 1849 and Martin, 1852) and two daughters (Sarah, 1846 and Elizabeth, 1855). Richard and Sarah both died young. Richard was ten years old when he contracted scarlet fever and died on September 29th 1854. Daughter Sarah was 13 years old when she too succumbed on November 12th 1859. Her death certificate merely records "fever" but it could have been the same as her brother. The family spent some time in Kettering where Samuel worked as a journeyman tailor before moving to Leicester. They were in Brougham Street in the St Matthews district of the city in 1871. Samuel died first and was buried in Section uN plot 131 of Welford Road Cemetery on June 3rd 1881. Elizabeth followed a year later and was buried by his side on August 3rd 1882.

John (1816 - 1903)

John and Sarah's eighth child and third son was baptised John on November 27th 1816. Sometime during the 1830s he moved to Cottingham where he married Ann Bellamy Munton on June 27th 1839. The couple settled in the village where they had three sons and four daughters. Their story continues in Part 2.

Thomas (1819 - 1861)

Last son Thomas was baptised on October 10th 1819. In the late 1830s he moved to Higham Ferrers, Northamptonshire to live with the family of cordwainer Mark Smith and to learn that trade. On September 18th 1842 he married Elizabeth, the 17 year old daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Packwood. They spent the first part of their married life in Higham Ferrers before moving to Finedon by 1861 where Thomas was a shoe manufacturer. They had three sons (George Frederick, 1846; John Thomas, 1849 and Walter, 1854) and three daughters (Eliza, 1843; Mary Elizabeth, 1852 and Emily, 1861). Their story is recounted in "A Finedon saga" [Article G.].

The saga now continues with the Claypole families who settled in Cottinghjam and Middleton in Claypole: Destination Cottingham Part 2: Arrival


Our thanks to Malcolm Bull for permission to reproduce the plan of Stoney Royd Cemetery from his extensive website Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion Also to Stephen Butt for his help in clarifying the street system in Great Easton and Kibworth Beachamp.

Further Reading

The book 'The Mountain of Names: A history of the human Family' with introduction by Robin Fox


1: "The Mountain of Names": (1985), Kodansha America Inc., New York, USA. ISBN: 1-56836-071-1
We would like to thank Robin Fox for his kind words of encouragement and for his permission to use the quotation from his introduction to the book "The Mountain of Names" by Alex Shoumatoff. Robin is an anthropologist, historian and author of many books on kinship systems. His work, "Kinship and Marriage" is recognised as an established classic in the literature of social science. He is Professor of Social Theory at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA.

Links to the articles mentioned in the text are in italic capitals below:

Article A: Working in East Carlton Hall A history of the Beadsworth family - Part 1: Origins
Article B: A link to Teddy Rayner's Travelling Theatre Claypole: Onward into Northampton and Derbyshire
Article C: The link to Jarman and Jarvis families A History of the Tilley family: Cottingham Part 2b, the family of Samuel and Mary Ann Tilley
Article D: The lives of William Claypole and Elizabeth Shaw Claypole: from Great Easton to Kettering
Article E: Another Claypole link to the Beadsworth family Following the Beadsworth family in Cottingham - Part 2b: Anthony
Article F: Beadsworths in Cottingham, the early days Following the Beadsworth family in Cottingham - Part 1: Arrival
Article G: Claypoles: shoe manufacturers Claypole - Nutt: A Saga of Finedon


1. Family consanguinity: Cousin marriages The Extended Craxford Family Genealogy Website
2. Photograph of St Giles Church, Parish of the Six Saints circa Holt St Giles Church, Medbourne Medbourne overview
3. Photograph of East Carlton Hall, Northamptonshire © Cj1340; Permission for use granted under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
4. Portrait of Sir John Henry Palmer, 7th Bt albumen print by Carmille Silvy: August 14th 1861. The Photographic Collection The National Portrait Gallery Ax55458. Reproduced with permission under this Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommerciazl-NoDerivs 3.0 Licence
5. Photograph: Great Easton, Leicestershire: St Andrews Church: © Kate Jewell, and licenced for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence
6. Photograph: Brooke Church, Oakham, Rutland: © Graham Horn, and licenced for reuse under this Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic Creative Commons Licence
7. Photograph: Old Bilton - St Mark's Church: © Ian Rob, and licenced for reuse under this Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic Creative Commons Licence
8. Photograph: Church of All Hallows, Seaton: © Tim Heaton, and licenced for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence
9. Old photograph of Great Easton village Leicester Past & Present - A walk down Memory Lane, Facebook
10. Old photograph of CrossBank, Great Easton. Leicester Past & Present - A walk down Memory Lane, Facebook
11. Unit History Forces War Records
12. Family tree graphic: Freeware Graphics: Vintage Kin Design Studio, Australia
13. The Peacock Inn, Market Harborough. From a photograph by Jonathan Calder on Liberal England Liberal Democrat Blog of the Year 2014.
14. Photograph of Old St Paul's Church, Kings Cross, Halifax From Weaver to Web: Online visual archive of Calderdale history
15. A Loving Husband's Letter: Report from Court. Yorkshire Evening Post Page 3 July 27th 1894. The British Newspaper Archive; © The British Library Board.
16. Petty Sessions Report October 11th; Market Harborough Leicester Mercury Page 3 October 15th 1853. The British Newspaper Archive; © The British Library Board.
17. Photograph from an old postcard Thrapston Union Workhouse Thrapston Heritage Reproduced with permission under this Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommerciazl-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence

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